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What is this?

Diabetes is a disorder of blood sugar management. Under normal circumstances, the foods we eat are broken down into a number of nutrients such as fats, proteins and carbohydrates. The carbohydrates are broken down further into glucose or sugar molecules and, with the help of insulin, are escorted out of our blood stream and into the cells of our organs. And every organ in our body needs sugar. In diabetes, however, there is a problem getting sugar out of the blood stream and into the cells so that it can be broken down into energy. Either we don’t make enough insulin (Type I) or the cells are not sensitive to the presence of insulin (Type II). Either way, sugar doesn’t get into the cell.

What are the symptoms?

Sugar is essential to the cell because it helps it make energy. So, if there’s a problem getting sugar into the cell, then the patient will complain of fatigue or lethargy. Sugar also drags water in the blood, so patients pee a lot. And because they’re always peeing, they’re also always thirsty. Other symptoms include a complaint of occasional blurred vision, weight loss, a sweet odor in the breath or muscle weakness.

Can it be treated?

Many of the therapies used to treat diabetes are designed to counter the pathophysiology. In other words, whatever is causing the patient’s diabetes dictates the choice in medication therapy. If diabetes is due to low insulin, then insulin therapy is administered. If the reason is due to poor sensitivity of the cells, then oral medication is usually administered.

How can MCare M.D. help?

If you have diabetes or think you have diabetes, rest assure everything you tell us is completely confidential. If the doctor thinks that you need new medication or should continue your current medication, he or she will send an order to the pharmacy of your choice instantly.

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